Mastering the Art of Coyote Hunting: A Comprehensive Guide

Coyote Hunting

Coyote hunting is not just a sport; it’s a skill that tests your woodsmanship, scouting abilities, persistence, and marksmanship. As one of the most accessible game animals in North America, coyotes present a unique challenge, especially in the Eastern United States. Here’s an in-depth guide to help you become a successful coyote hunter.

Coyote Hunting

Understanding Coyote Behavior

Coyotes are intelligent and adaptable predators. They are found across various terrains, from public lands to private properties. Their diet mainly includes smaller prey like rabbits, mice, songbirds, and occasionally larger animals. This understanding of their dietary habits is crucial in planning your hunting strategy.

Essential Gear for Coyote Hunting

While coyote hunting doesn’t require a lot of gear, certain essentials can make a significant difference:

  1. Rifle: An accurate rifle is a must-have. Whether it’s a .223, .22-250, or your trusty deer rifle, the key is precision and comfort.
  2. Calls: Coyote calls are vital. They can be hand-blown, like the Haydel’s GHC Government Hunter Cottontail, or electronic callers like FoxPro’s HellCat. These mimic prey distress sounds or coyote vocalizations to attract coyotes.
  3. Clothing and Accessories: Warm clothing, boots, shooting sticks, or a bipod are necessary for comfort and stability during your hunt.

The Art of Calling Coyotes

Coyote calling is both an art and a science. You can use closed-reed distress calls, open-reed calls, or electronic callers. Each has its advantages:

  • Closed-Reed Calls: Easy to use and portable, perfect for beginners.
  • Open-Reed Calls: Offer a wider range of sounds but require more skill.
  • Electronic Callers: Highly effective and versatile, ideal for various situations.

Choosing the Right Firearm

While shotguns can be used, rifles are generally more effective for coyote hunting. Most shots are within 100 yards, so a lightweight, accurate rifle is ideal. Classic coyote cartridges like .223 and .22-250 are popular choices. If preserving the fur is a concern, select your bullets carefully.

Scouting and Setting Up

Scouting is crucial in coyote hunting. Look for tracks, droppings, and signs of activity. When setting up, consider wind direction, cover, and visibility. Your setup should allow you to see the coyote before it detects you. Electronic callers with motion decoys can be particularly effective in drawing attention away from your position.

Making the Shot

Coyotes are fast and can be challenging targets. Patience and precision are key. Wait for the right moment and aim carefully. If a coyote gets suspicious and starts to move away, a quick call can sometimes stop it for a crucial second, allowing you to take the shot.


Coyote hunting is a challenging but rewarding pursuit. It requires skill, patience, and the right equipment. By understanding coyote behavior, mastering the art of calling, choosing the right gear, and practicing effective shooting techniques, you can increase your success in the field.

Remember, every hunt is a learning experience. So, gear up, head out, and embrace the challenge of coyote hunting!